Chemnitz fact check: Were foreigners chased down during protests?
The head of Germany's domestic intelligence agency has said he believes a video showing a non-German being "hounded" by mobs in Chemnitz was staged. DW takes a closer look at the evidence.
Hans-Georg Maassen, the head of Germany's domestic intelligence agency (BfV), has cast doubt over what precisely happened during the protests in Chemnitz on August 26.
In an interview with German tabloid Bild on Friday, Maassen appeared to downplay reports and video evidence of far-right extremists chasing down foreigners during the demonstrations in the eastern German city two weeks ago.
The BfV chief said German intelligence circles had "no reliable information that such pursuits had taken place."
"There is good reason to believe that this is deliberate misinformation, possibly to distract the public from the murder in Chemnitz," he added.
Referring to one of the videos posted online, Maassen said "there is no evidence to suggest that the video of this alleged incident circulating on the internet is authentic."
Although Maassen did not specify which video he was talking about, Bild has posted a video uploaded to Twitter by user Antifa Zeckenbiss. The video was widely circulated online and has been referenced as evidence that right-wing mobs in Chemnitz had targeted non-Germans.
What does the video show? In the video, a group of protesters can be seen ganging up on a man with black hair, shouting xenophobic remarks, such as "You're not welcome here!" and "What's the matter, you Kanaks?" (A German derogatory term for people with a supposedly southern or Middle Eastern appearance). Just before the video ends, one of the mob members attempts to swing a kick before the victim runs away.
Another person in the mob then turns toward the camera, revealing his t-shirt with the right-wing slogan "Tradition, not Invasion," emblazoned on it.
When was the video uploaded? The video was uploaded to Twitter just before 9 p.m. local time (1900 UTC) on August 26, 2018, the day the first of several far-right demonstrations and counterprotests broke out in Chemnitz.
Where did the attack happen? The incident took place by Chemnitz's Bahnhofstrasse, just across the road from the Johannisplatz square, a common meeting point for members of the migrant community. It was also the scene of clashes between police and protesters in the ensuing demonstrations.
The square is located close to Chemnitz's main train station, where hundreds of protesters arrived in the city, and just 150 meters (about 500 feet) away from the main route of the march.
Twitter user Jura Luga posted pictures showing how he pinpointed the location using landmarks visible in the video.
Who was the victim? The victim is reported to be 22-year-old Afghan migrant Alihassan S. In an interview with the news website ze.tt, a sister publication of Germany's Die Zeit newspaper, he described how the mob approached him and his girlfriend as he was filming the crowd arriving in central Chemnitz. Alihassan S. said he was struck with a bottle of beer by the man seen wearing blue in the video. His girlfriend was then hit in the face before the incident seen in the video played out.
Read more: Chemnitz and Kandel: How hashtags shape German politics
When did the incident occur? The attack appeared to have occurred on August 26, the day the video was uploaded. One of the main people of reference is a bald-headed man sporting a turquoise shirt who appears to be part of the mob. He stands out in two other videos recorded in the same location, including the one reportedly shot by Alihassan S. that started the assault.
Die Zeit claims to have seen the metadata from the video shot by Alihassan S., and maintains that it was recorded on August 26.
The precise time of the incident remains unknown, however. According to reports, the right-wing marches began at around 4 p.m. local time, while journalist Johannes Grunert first tweeted that non-Germans were being hounded by far-right groups shortly after 5 p.m.
Meanwhile, the footage shows a billboard advertising the ongoing theater production Der Ring des Nibelungen on the roadside, disputing conspiratorial claims that the incident actually occurred last year.
Who recorded the video? It is not clear who recorded the video. The Twitter account that first posted the video regularly posts images and footage showing crowds and protests from Germany's right-wing scene, such as PEGIDA. The person behind the account told German media that he found the video in a right-wing forum on Telegram and said he did not the edit the footage.
Is there any other evidence? A number of other videos uploaded on August 26 show people in the right-wing march suddenly dash toward an unseen object or person. It remains unclear whether they were running toward or away from something. In one of the videos, the bald-headed man in the turquoise shirt can be seen among the people storming off.
What do the local authorities say? The Dresden Public Prosecutor's Office told Die Zeit that it believed the footage to be genuine and confirmed that a criminal complaint for bodily harm had been made in connection with the video. Chemnitz Police Chief Sonja Penzel also said there had been reports of mob-like behavior directed at an 18-year-old Syrian, as well as a Bulgarian national.
Read more: Jewish restaurant attacked during Chemnitz protests
Has Maassen's position become untenable? Based on the evidence, Maassen's assertions that the video was "deliberate misinformation" do not stack up. The timing, location and perpetrators all indicate that the incident did take place in Chemnitz on August 26, as the right-wing demonstrations began to break out.
After Maassen's interview with Bild was published Friday, the premier of the state of Lower Saxony, Stephan Weil of the center-left Social Democrats, said "question marks were starting to mount up" with him as to whether the BfV chief was up to his job. Several lawmakers have also denounced Maassen's comments, while journalist Lars Wienand, who has led efforts to verify the footage, described Maassen's assertion as "absurd" and "gaga."
The BfV chief has yet to explain why he believed the video of the attack was faked. A statement issued by the BfV late on Friday said Maassen was not referring to a specific video but was instead warning about fake news and doctored images making the rounds on social media.
The demonstrations were sparked by a deadly brawl that broke out in the German city of Chemnitz in the early hours of Sunday (August 26). What started out as a war of words resulted in a 35-year-old man being stabbed to death. Hours later, spontaneous, anti-migrant protests took over the streets of Chemnitz.
A German-Cuban man was stabbed in an altercation involving 10 people, several of whom were of "various nationalities," police sources said. The victim, named only as Daniel H., was apparently well-known among various political groups in the area. Two men in their 30s were also stabbed and seriously injured, and a 22-year-old Iraqi and 23-year-old Syrian are in custody over the killing.
By Sunday afternoon, some 800 people had gathered to protest the man's death, including far-right groups. Authorities said the crowd was largely uncooperative and threw bottles at police officers. Police reinforcements had to be called in from nearby cities. The mobilizations were spontaneous and are thought to have surfaced following calls to demonstrate on social media.
German authorities said that that far-right groups spread misinformation on the internet. Among the false claims was that the victim of the knife attack died protecting a woman.
Thousands of far-right and counterdemonstrators faced off in a second day of protest Monday. Several people were injured as objects and fireworks were hurled. Video footage showed the far-right "Pro Chemnitz" movement holding a banner with a quote from early 20th century poet Anton Günther reading "German and free we aim to be."
Counter-demonstrators denouncing right-wing extremism also took to the streets of Chemnitz. Among the protesters were Antifa, who clashed with right-wing demonstrators.
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