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Coronavirus: EU rules out Schengen border closures amid Italy outbreak


05:49 mins.
DW News | 24.02.2020

Italy races to control spread of coronavirus

With over 200 coronavirus cases and seven confirmed deaths, Italy is the worst-hit country outside Asia. But while towns and villages remain in lockdown, cross-border travel will continue.

The European Commission on Monday said it was not yet considering border closures in the bloc's Schengen zone in response to the growing coronavirus outbreak in Italy.

Asked by reporters about whether Brussels was mulling the measure, EU Health and Food Safety Commissioner Stella Kyriakides noted that the World Health Organization had not advised imposing travel restrictions in Europe.

Kyriakides said any curbs should be "proportionate and coordinated" among EU states.

Border controls between more than 20 European countries were first abolished in the late 1990s, but some checks were reintroduced during the 2015 European migrant crisis.

Kyriakides' remarks come as the Italian government struggles to contain the worst outbreak of COVID-19 outside of Asia.

The EU's stance echoes France, which borders Italy, in which it has said there was no need to shut its borders over the spread of virus in Italy.

However, bus passengers who arrived on Monday in the southeastern French city of Lyon, from Milan, were kept onboard for health checks after the driver was hospitalized with symptoms similar to those of the new coronavirus, security sources said.

In Austria, authorities had temporarily halted border rail traffic from neighboring Italy.

Read more: Coronavirus: Turkey and Pakistan close borders with Iran

Italy has 200 cases

More than 200 people have come down with the coronavirus in Italy over the past four days. On Monday, the country confirmed its six death due to the virus. State broadcaster RAI said latest victim was a cancer patient in the northern town of Brescia.

The death toll later on Monday rose to seven

The others who have died of the illness were also elderly and at least three of them had serious underlying health problems.

Over the weekend, Italian authorities put several towns in the wealthy northern regions of Lombardy and Veneto in lockdown and effective quarantine.

Schools, universities, museums and cinemas were shut and all public events, including four Serie A soccer matches, were postponed.

The worst-hit region Lombardy — southeast of Italy's financial capital Milan — announced 53 new cases of coronavirus overnight into Monday, bringing the total there to 165 in just four days. "The number is still rising, but we are sure that the measures taken will prevent it spreading further," Lombardy's president Attilo Fontana said.

Some 22 people had the virus in Veneto, while a handful of infections were also recorded in the adjacent regions of Piedmont and Emilia Romagna.

On Sunday, Venice canceled the last three days of its Carnival festival, an event that draws hundreds of thousands of visitors to the lagoon city.

Read more: Coronavirus, cold or flu symptoms? How to tell the difference

Austria temporarily halts international trains

In reaction to the outbreak in Italy, Austria briefly halted incoming trains via the Brenner Pass on Sunday after two possible cases were discovered on board a train heading from Italy to southern Germany.

The two passengers, while feverish, have since tested negative for COVID-19, Austria's interior ministry said. 

By Sunday evening, Austria said the international route was open again.

The extent of the outbreak in Italy prompted a flight to safety by European investors on Monday. By mid-morning, London's FTSE was down 2.9%, Frankfurt's DAX was 3.29% lower and Paris' CAC index was down 3.2%. Milan's stock market fell by 4.1%.

Read more: Coronavirus keeps VW's China factories shut

China and South Korea see fresh spikes

South Korea, meanwhile, announced a further 231 coronavirus cases on Monday, a day after the country's president raised the government's response alert level to red — the highest level. The country now has 833 cases, the largest number outside China. South Korea's death toll stands at seven after two more people died on Sunday.

China, meanwhile, announced a spike in both cases and deaths on Monday after the outbreak recently showed signs of slowing.

Beijing said there 409 new cases of COVID-19, taking the mainland's total to 77,150. A further 150 people died from the virus since the previous day's update. All but one death were in Hubei province, where the outbreak first took hold in December.

The provincial capital of Wuhan, labeled ground zero of the outbreak, said on Monday it would lift some travel restrictions so that people in good health could leave for urgent reasons. But the decision was quickly revoked.

Other low-risk Chinese provinces eased travel curbs after President Xi Jinping urged businesses to restart work to boost the flagging economy.

However, Beijing did postpone the annual National People's Congress, which was due to start on March 5. The highest organ of state power draws thousands of delegates from all over China to the capital.

The country's leaders also announced "complete" bans on the trade and consumption of wild animals.

How to protect yourself against the coronavirus
Better than nothing

It has not been proven that the face masks seen above can effectively protect you against viral infections. That said, these masks are probably able to catch some germs before they reach your mouth or nose. More importantly, they prevent people from touching their mouth or nose (which most people do instinctually). If you are already sick, such masks may keep you from infecting others.

How to protect yourself against the coronavirus
Disinfect your hands

One of the best ways to protect yourself from the virus is to frequently clean your hands, according to the World Health Organization's (WHO) list of recommendations. The WHO recommends alcohol-based hand rub, like the ones seen here in a hospital.

How to protect yourself against the coronavirus
Soap and water will do as well

The simpler day-to-day solution is to use water and soap, if you've got some handy. But make sure to wash your hands thoroughly. Health authorities in the US recommend washing your hands for at least 20 seconds, making sure to pay attention to areas like your fingertips, thumbs and underneath your nails.

How to protect yourself against the coronavirus
Coughing and sneezing - but doing it right!

So here's what the doctors recommend: When coughing and sneezing, cover your mouth and nose with your flexed elbow. Or use tissue — but then immediately throw that tissue away and wash your hands. With your shirt or sweater, however, no, you don't need to throw them away. Do wash them frequently, though, or take them to the dry cleaner's.

How to protect yourself against the coronavirus
Stay away!

Another recommendation that may not work for everybody: Avoid close contact with anyone who has fever and cough! If you have to tend to sick people, make doubly sure to take additional protective measures.

How to protect yourself against the coronavirus
Got a fever? Go to the doctor, not on a trip!

If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical care early. Avoid public places so you don't infect others. And also, explain to your doctor where you've previously traveled and who you may have come in contact with.

How to protect yourself against the coronavirus
Avoid contact!

When visiting live markets in areas currently experiencing cases of the novel coronavirus, avoid direct unprotected contact with live animals. That includes any surfaces that are in contact with animals as well.

How to protect yourself against the coronavirus
Well done — not rare!

Cook meat thoroughly. The consumption of raw, or undercooked, animal products should be avoided. Raw meat, milk or animal organs should be handled with care to avoid cross-contamination with uncooked foods. These are good food safety practices and help prevent the spread of illnesses.

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mm, mmc, jsi/stb (AFP, AP, dpa, Reuters)

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