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Saudi Arabia: UN rights experts condemn 'repression' of activists

02.01.2018

In a rare criticism of Saudi Arabia by the United Nations, rights experts have called on the kingdom to release dozens of detained activists. The UN panel has accused Saudi authorities of abusing counterterrorism laws.

A group of United Nations human rights experts on Tuesday condemned Saudi Arabia's use of counterterrorism and security-related laws to justify the recent arrests of prominent human rights activists.

In a rare instance of UN criticism directed at the Saudi kingdom, a panel of five independent experts reported that more than 60 prominent activists — including clerics, journalists and academics — had been detained since September.

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The experts described the crackdown as a "worrying pattern of widespread and systematic arbitrary arrests and detention” that began after Prince Mohammed bin Salman became the kingdom's new crown prince last summer.

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"We are witnessing the persecution of human rights defenders for peacefully exercising their rights to freedom of expression, assembly, association and belief, as well as in retaliation for their work," said the experts.

The UN report named a handful of prominent rights campaigners in the Saudi kingdom as among those arrested. They include Salman al-Awdah, who has been described by the UN as a "reformist" cleric and a vocal proponent for a greater role for human rights within sharia law. On his Twitter profile, which boasts some 14 million followers, Awdah's last post dated back to September 7. 

They also named as detainees academic and writer Abdullah al-Maliki, entrepreneur Essam al-Zamel, and Abdulaziz Al Shubaily and Issa bin Hamid al-Hamid of the Saudi Civil and Political Rights Association, a human rights advocacy group banned by the Saudi kingdom.

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The UN's damning assessment came two years to the day since Saudi Arabia executed 47 people on supposed terrorism charges, including a prominent Shiite cleric.

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Although the Saudi government did not immediately respond to the condemning report, Riyadh maintains that it does not hold political prisoners.

Instead, it has claimed that monitoring activists is necessary for keeping social stability.

The experts said that they had sought clarification from the Saudi government about how these security and anti-terror measures were compatible with international human rights law obligations and the pledges it made when seeking to join the UN Human Rights Council.

"We have written to the government requesting detailed information about these numerous arrests on terrorism, cyber-crime or any other state security-related charges during that period," the panel said. "Despite being elected as member of the Human Rights Council at the end of 2016, Saudi Arabia has continued its practice of silencing, arbitrarily arresting, detaining and persecuting human rights defenders and critics."

The UN statement did not make reference to the arrests of some 200 princes, ministers or business leader in November, which Riyadh justified as part of its drive to crack down on high-level corruption.

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Formation of an anti-corruption committee

Dozens of princes, former ministers and prominent businessmen have been detained across Saudi Arabia in an unprecedented anti-corruption campaign. The arrests happened after King Salman ordered the creation of an anti-corruption committee, headed by his son, Crown Prince Mohammed.

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The newly formed committee possesses wide ranging powers, including the ability to issue arrest warrants, freeze assets and impose travel bans. Saudi Arabia's crown prince has vowed to fight corruption in the world's top oil exporter. Thirty-two-year-old Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman al-Saud is widely regarded as the driving force behind opening up the ultra-conservative country.

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One of the arrested, Prince Alwaleed bin Talal, is a billionaire and business tycoon who has extensive investments in Western companies such as Twitter, Apple, Rupert Murdoch's News Corporation, Citigroup, the Four Seasons hotel chains and the ride sharing service Lyft. One of the Middle East's richest persons, Prince Alwaleed, is also known for being one of the most outspoken Saudi royals.

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'Homeland will not exist unless corruption is uprooted'

The detainees include ex-finance minister Ibrahim al-Assaf and former head of the royal court Khaled al-Tuwaijri. Three former state officials were also sacked earlier before being detained. "The homeland will not exist unless corruption is uprooted and the corrupt are held accountable," said a royal degree connected to the arrests.

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In other developments, the Saudi monarch removed the prominent prince in charge of the National Guard. The development followed the resignation of a close ally, Lebanon's prime minister Saad Hariri. These political developments further shake up Saudi Arabia and the greater Middle East as regional conflicts rage on the kingdom's borders.

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David Martin (Reuters)