The 'Mia san Mia' Phenomenon - the personal side of Bayern Munich
Bayern Munich has a lot of history. Fans both love them and hate them. In this DW documentary, club legends Uli Hoeness, Oliver Kahn and Philipp Lahm show that the lucrative German club also has a personal side.
The Mia San Mia Phenomenon aired for the first time in a Berlin cinema on Tuesday and is now available worldwide. Just click in the player above and settle down for 85 minutes on what makes Bayern Munich what it is, on the "mia san mia" phenomenon. Some 500 guests, including former Bayern stars like Franz Roth and Klaus Augenthaler, were present in the Babylon theater, as were some of the Bayern fans from all corners of the world who featured in the film.
Read on for a precis of the documentary, written by one of its directors:
When an injury forced Uli Hoeness to retire from football in 1979 and he became, at 27, the youngest sporting director in the history of the Bundesliga, he had a clear vision: "I was always of the opinion that Bayern Munich could develop from a small club to a world brand," he said in the new television station of Bayern's official club channel "FCB TV" on Säbener Street in Munich. The club's football stars, valued together at around €580 million, were training on the other side of the glass window behind him. Just this summer, the club gave out €120 million in transfer fees to acquire James Rodriguez, Corentin Tolisso and Kingsley Coman.
The Bundesliga is not enough
The Rekordmeister (a term which translates to "record champions") have dominated football across Germany for years — true to their motto "Mia San Mia" (Bavarian German which loosely translates to "We are who we are"). The saying, a dictum also throughout Bavaria, originally stems from the Austrian army and supposedly signifies superiority and confidence. That makes an impact, said retired goalkeeper Oliver Kahn: "It also means to carry the envy and jealousy of half a country on your shoulders."
"I always thought it was possible to turn FC Bayern Munich from a small club into a global brand." This is what has driven his work as a manager, but he is also a friend and adviser to the players. In March 2014 he was sentenced to thee-and-a-half years in prison for tax evasion, ultimately serving around 11 months. Uli Hoeness bid farewell with the words, "It's not over yet." And he was right.
"Whether Palestinian or Jewish, when Bayern score a goal you hug everyone," says Kamal, a Palestinian living in Israel. He's been a Bayern fan since the 70's. "When I was 10 we had a black and white TV. We often watched live games: Rummenigge, Beckenbauer, Breitner, they were all famous back then. I quickly fell in love with the team."
Loyal, eloquent, successful, Philipp Lahm represents the typical "home-grown Bayern talent." The 33-year-old played for nearly 20 years at Bayern, now he is retired. Although he never seemed like a youth player. "I was slighter than everyone else, so that probably gave me the extra ambition I needed to succeed in the shark pool that is FC Bayern."
Kanata is the model student at FC Bayern Tsuneishi, the football academy in Fukushima. The 14-year-old Japanese is so talented that FC Bayern send a youth coach to observe him. We witnessed this scouting during a youth game, when young Kanata was put through his paces.
He arrived in Munich as a 17-year-old, from Ghana via Italy. Uli Hoeneß became something of a father figure for young Sammy, always there for him during difficult periods of his life. Especially after the tragic death of his daughter, when the "Mia San Mia phenomenon" was never more tangible for the Ghanaian.
Other Brazilians claim Camila is crazy. Because despite the countless clubs in the country, the 24-year-old supports FC Bayern. Partly because of the impression left by the players from the 2002 World Cup final: "Oliver Kahn is the man of my life, he's the most wonderful man on the planet. I love him more than anything."
For some he is just "The Titan," for others he personifies the "Bestia Negra," other people know him for his monstrous Godzilla imitation. But they all agree on one thing: no-one personifies FC Bayern like Oli Kahn. "I absorbed all the values of the club, because success is only possible through complete identification with what you do," says the ex-goalkeeper.
The 1967 European Cup final. In injury time he scored the deciding goal against Glasgow Rangers. And so began the international success story of FC Bayern Munich. "The goalie came towards me and almost brought me down, but the ball went in off the bar. Fantastic! I had the cup with me in bed that night. I just stared at it, the whole night..."
Giovane Élber lives a double life. In Brazil — close to the Bolivian border — he owns a ranch with 5,000 cattle. But whenever FC Bayern call him, he's there. He travels the world as an ambassador for the club. For the "Mia San Mia Phenomenon" he looks back at his playing time for Bayern — in his own special way.
Rafael was born in Puerto Rico and lives in New York, where he works for a software company. He has been a passionate FC Bayern fan for 20 years – and with a very special perspective: "I love the game, sometimes it's like art. But sometimes I get too close so I try and keep a bit of distance. I don't want to be addicted to something I can't control."
Andy writes for The Guardian and is an expert for "Talksport," one of the world's biggest sport radio broadcasters. His opinion carries weight and one of his specialist topics is the relationship between English and German clubs. "Munich are so big and successful, that for many people here in England, Bayern and German football are one and the same."
The 38-year-old sport journalist from EL MUNDO loves football – as a social phenomenon, as well as a sporting competition. "In Madrid I can decide if the city sleeps well or goes to bed in a bad mood." His high point of the season is not "El Clasico" but when Real Madrid play "La Bestia Negra" — "The Black Beast" from Munich.
With 27 Bundesliga championships and 18 German Cup victories, Germany is no longer enough: "I would give up all other titles in order to win the Champions League with Bayern," said former Bayern coach Carlo Ancelotti at the beginning of the year. He failed in that quest and has been out of a job since September 29. That's how a worldwide football business works, and Camila, a 24-year-old longtime Bayern fan, knows that. She remembers even now why that is: "When I saw Oliver Kahn for the first time 10 years ago, it happened to me!" She continues to gush: "Oliver Kahn is the man of my life, the best in the world. There is no one as wonderful as him in the whole world." Her biggest dream: to meet Oliver Kahn in person.
Kuffour's toughest hour
Next to the success of Bayern's world brand, it is important for Hoeness to emphasize the internal unity at the club. "We haven't been just a football club for a long time, rather something like a home or a replacement family for many people in our society." If there is such a person that confirms this belief, it is Sammy Osei Kuffour. Sitting next to the pool at his villa in the Ghanaian city of Accra, the former Bayern defender discussed a tragic story from 2003: "One of the hardest moments in my life was when I lost my daughter."
When his daughter was 15, she died in a drowning accident in Ghana. Hoeness and Karl-Heinz Rummenigge, a former Bayern forward and the club's chairman since 2002, went immediately to Kuffour's house to console him. "Within two hours they organized a private jet so I could fly to Ghana," Kuffour recalled. "And the private jet remained in Accra until I handled everything." It was clear for him: "That shows you that these people are there for you."
A history of international success
Franz "Bulle" Roth laid the foundation for Bayern's international success when he scored the only and decisive goal in extra time of the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup in 1967 against Glasgow Rangers. He also played with Franz Beckenbauer, Sepp Maier and Gerd Müller. In his sports store in the Bavarian town of Bad Wörishofen, the 71-year-old remembered the championship. He said he "kept the trophy overnight in my bedframe" and he looked at it "the entire night."
The Stern des Südens (Bayern Munich's nickname meaning "star of the south") have won 60 domestic and international titles since this legendary competition, including five European Cup/Champions League titles. They are one of the most successful clubs in the world — and one of the biggest too. They have 300,000 members at the club. By comparison, Real Madrid has around 100,000, Barcelona and Manchester United around 150,000 members each. "At one point, we generated 12 million Deustchmarks (roughly €6.1 million in 2017) turnover with 20 employees," said Hoeness. "Now we have around €630 million ($740 million) turnover and almost 1,000 employees."
What is the 'Mia San Mia' phenomenon?
To make sense of these statistics and to put a face to this international Bayern Munich phenomenon, DW filmmakers Niels Eixler and Manuel Vering traveled 50,000 kilometers (around 30,000 miles) around the world. Packed with them were their cameras and burning questions: What makes this club so fascinating? Is "mia san mia" a meaningful motto or just a marketing slogan? Why have Bayern touched the hearts of fans in Brazil as much as London, New York, Japan, Ghana or Tel Aviv? What are its drawbacks?
The 85-minute documentary "The 'Mia San Mia' Phenomenon" from Deutsche Welle premieres on October 10, 2017. It not only shows players and members of the club management up close, but also Bayern fans around the world. And what role they have has long since made Uli Hoeness' vision of turning a small club into a world come true.Manuel Vering